Technologies represents the new future for cleaner and low costs
liquid fuels production like ethanol diesel, gasoline, jet fuel
and other useful chemical products
on: February 20, 2008, 8:13 am
Release Author: Additron
Release Summary: Currently, ethanol is being blended with conventional
gasoline as an oxygenate (replacing the polluting MBTE) and is used
worldwide, however, conventional ethanol and diesel fuel blends
are typically not stable, particularly under extreme temperatures
and pressures and therefore not available in the market.
Technologies is working on a new breakthrough technology, which
allows the blending of diesel with ethanol.
Release Body: SHANGHAI, R.O.C., February 19, 2008 --
Technologies Inc. has a leading edge in the research and
development of coal to liquid fuels to potentially provide a cleaner
and low costs alternative source of liquid fuels and power generation
well into the foreseeable future.
invite you to learn more about our company and our cutting edge
NANO ENHANCED™ ICL technology.
liquefaction is a process that converts COAL from a solid
state into liquid fuels, usually to provide substitutes for petroleum
liquefaction processes were first developed in the early
part of the 20th century but later application was hindered by the
relatively low price and wide availability of crude oil and natural
scale applications have existed in only a few countries, eg, Germany
during WWII and South Africa since the 1960s.
oil crises of the 1970s and the threat of depletion of conventional
oil supplies sparked a renewed interest in the production of oil
substitutes from coal during the 1980s.
Coal can be liquefied by direct
and indirect process routes.
Coal Liquefaction (DCL)
coal liquefaction was developed as a commercial process
in Germany based on research pioneered by Friedrich Bergius.
direct liquefaction plants were in operation in Germany just before
WWII. Five additional plants were constructed during the war and
produced more than 3 million ton of oil per annum.
plants produced about 90% of the available aviation fuel for the
German war effort.
Most of the direct processes developed in the 1980s were modifications
or extensions of Bergius's original concept.
coal is ground so that it can be mixed into a coal derived recycle
solvent to form a coal-oil slurry feed.
slurry containing 30-50% coal is then heated to about 450°C
in a hydrogen atmosphere between 13,900-20,900 kPa pressures for
about one hour.
A variety of catalysts are used
to improve the rates of conversion to liquid products.
One ton of coal yields about one-half
ton of liquids.
have been developed to use coals from low rank lignite’s to
highly volatile bituminous coals.
Higher-rank coals are less reactive
and anthracites are essentially non-reactive.
liquids produced have molecular structures similar to those found
in aromatic compounds and need further upgrading to produce specification
fuels such as gasoline and fuel oil.
Coal Liquefaction (ICL)
liquefaction processes were developed in Germany at the
same time as direct processes.
the early 1920s, Franz Fischer and Hans
Tropsch patented a process to produce a mixture of alcohols,
aldehydes, fatty acids and hydrocarbons known as synthol, from a
synthesis gas of hydrogen and carbon monoxide.
Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) process forms the basis for indirect
liquefaction of coal.
process is indirect since the coal structure is completely broken
down into synthesis gas by gasification with steam and oxygen.
the synthesis gas is reacted over an appropriate F-T catalyst
to form predominantly paraffinic liquid hydrocarbons having wide
method was used to produce motor fuel during WWII and South Africa
has used it to produce motor fuels and petrochemical feedstock’s
since the 1960s.
indirect route yields a large number of byproducts and overall has
a lower thermal efficiency.
Technologies’ model is to use waste coal or non-marketable
low calorie sub bituminous coal with high moisture content, whereas
competitors require high calorie coal to get a large yield.
sub-bituminous coal as the feed-stock, we will not require any additional
water as there is enough water within the sub bituminous coal.
gasification systems cannot use sub bituminous coal, as they need
commercial compliance coal.
is one of the biggest advantages in using our system. Our system
is best suited for the use of sub bituminous coal.
our feedstock cost is between US$5 -$10 dollars per ton and our
competitors must pay US$30 -$40 dollars translating into millions
of dollars in savings every year.
new cutting edge technology, NANO ENHANCED™ ICL processing
combines Indirect Coal Liquefaction with the latest
nanotechnologies and high temperatures.
Through controlled membranes we
create a selective separation of the molecules.
then changing the structure of these molecules and further processing,
the toxic waste products like Co2 are completely eliminated.
coal-derived fuels are ultra-clean: low on sulphur, low in particulates,
with low levels of oxides of nitrogen.
NANO ENHANCED™ ICL processing, tests have
shown a greater and cleaner burn rate of the liquid fuels like diesel
and jet-fuel which contributes to an even cleaner, (approx. 80%
less emissions than traditional fuels), end product.
using the revolutionary NANO ENHANCED™ ICL
process the production cost of Synthetic oil is significantly lower
than that of traditional ICL / DCL facilities.
no extra costs for the capture and storage of CO2 and the lower
costs of the low calorie sub bituminous coal, Additron Technologies
is able to produce synthetic oil within a price range of
US$15 - $25 dollars per barrel which is much less than conventional
Details: Additron Technologies Inc.
Xiang Road, Zhu Jia Jiao Town
Qing Pu Area, Postalcode: 201714
Investor Relations: email@example.com
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